Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; Yuning Wang, Iman Azimi, Kianoosh Kazemi, Amir M. Rahmani, Pasi Liljeberg; Published September 8, 2022; DOI: 10.1109/EMBC48229.2022.9871678
Photoplethysmography (PPG) is a non-invasive technique used in wearable devices to collect various vital signs, including heart rate and heart rate variability. The signal is highly susceptible to motion artifacts, which is inevitable in health monitoring and may lead to inaccurate decision-making. Studies in the literature proposed time series analysis, signal decomposition, and machine learning methods to reconstruct PPG signals or reduce noise. However, they are limited to short-term noisy signals or to noise caused by certain physical activities. In this paper, we propose a deep convolutional generative adversarial network (GAN) method to reconstruct distorted PPG signals. Our method exploits the temporal information extracted from the corrupted signal and preceding data to perform PPG reconstruction. The model is trained and tested using data collected by smartwatches in a home-based health monitoring application. We evaluate the proposed GAN method in comparison to three state-of-the-art PPG reconstruction methods. The evaluation includes noisy PPG signals with different durations and SNR values. The proposed method outperforms the other methods by obtaining the least error rates. The results indicate that the proposed method is effective for improving PPG signal quality to produce reliable heart rate and heart rate variability.